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Use of technology in crime prevention
Technology provides new methods to fight the menace of crime. It may be used for prevention and detection of crime. But the only thing required is governmental support and motivation for future research.
THE CRIMINAL justice system is entering a new era transformed by advances in science and technology. The society is experiencing new changes due to the latest strides in the fields of science and technology. Criminals too are using technology to accomplish their unjust demands. The time has come when we have to use technology in the crime prevention. There is an urgent need to evolve new methods to fight against different types of crime like terrorism or any organised crime.


But whether India is ready for evolving and using new ways of technology in the area of crime prevention? How can we prevent crimes using technology?


First of all, surveillance systems should be improved. Surveillance system refers to the monitoring the behaviour of people, checking unwanted or suspect objects, etc. Generally, closed circuit television cameras (CCTVs) are used for this purpose. CCTVs should be installed at all public places specially parks, streets, markets, etc. These can prove to be very helpful in preventing crimes. CCTVs could check and deter bomb blasts and other terrorist activities. Though it is a difficult job it’s not impossible. The government and other agencies should use CCTVs at public places like stations, bus stands, markets, etc.


Nowadays, global positioning system (GPS) tracking system is also used. It is a tracking device to determine the positions or locations of a vehicle or a person to which it is attached. Police forces in India should improve such kinds of systems so that it can be helpful in the prevention of crime.


The technological equipments that different criminals use are very advanced as compared to the equipments that our police and other law enforcement agencies use. Recently, at the 46th convocation of the Indian Institute of Technology, President Pratibha Patil said that our security agencies need better technology to fight against terror and crimes in the country.


But there are various problems in India that are coming in the way of using technology in the area of crime prevention. There is lack of awareness about the new face of technology in crime prevention and lack of initiatives in this regard. Lack of government funding is also one of the problems as it is generally directed at other problems rather than preventing crimes as money is needed for future researches.


There are many ways to use technology in crime prevention and detection. But the only thing required is governmental support and motivation for future research.
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