Value-orientation of education is needed
The world seems be passing through a crisis of human values with loss of tolerance among communities and increase in unethical styles of life. Many countries such as Australia, Japan, the UK, Singapore, Sweden, Thailand, and Sweden, etc., have been trying to put values-based education in practice. For example, values education is a part of Swedish schools for educating students. Its emphases is to develop students as competent democratic citizens by practicing student participation in schools' organizational aspects, reviews and improvement.
IT IS often lamented that emergent lifestyles and new information and communication technologies have shrunk the world in space and time, but the human values have suffered a serious setback. In such circumstances, the world needs responsive and ethical human beings to be developed through education.
In other words, the interface of values education with the study of various conventional knowledge areas including management has become the need of the day. Furthermore, values are enshrined into spirituality which has been the essence of most religions.
I consider a value as a belief on which a person acts by an ethical preference. Also, values put meaning to our existence and guide our righteous relationship and behaviours. In many ways values are inherent in the structure of our spiritual reality; they have their own justification; and they transcend un-analyzed and un-questioned worldly ways of living and behaving.
In late 1980s and early 1990s, some attempts were made in India
for values education in schools but the efforts were half-hearted. It was promoted as a course for spiritual, moral and social development students and as a school-based initiative for values education. But, schools were clueless how to go about effective values education. The lack of innovative teaching approaches and pedagogies led to the disenchantment with values education.
The inseparable link between education and values in evident in the nature and aim of education for an holistic development of individuals. Therefore, it is one of the aims of education to deal with the meaning of life and making it values-based. In this light, value-orientation of education in various knowledge areas, including management sciences, becomes imperative.