One thing, which the case has done and visibly so is that it has increased the number of cases reported each day. As per Oxfam India's research, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data of 2012 shows there is a marginal increase in reporting of major forms of crime against women which includes rape, atrocities on women but with a high rate of pending trials at the courts. When Vineet Kumar Singh, a journalist with a reputed online media was asked about it, he agreed. He pointed out, “Cases in the rural India hardly comes out and thus it is not reported. Even now, people living in villages feel that it is a question of their honour and hence most of the times, such cases are suppressed. The seriousness of the cases are often not fully understood and hence they do not get the media attention,which is required.”
Now that vast reporting is taking place and heinous crimes committed by fathers, brothers, neighbours and uncles are coming to the fore, people are getting educated and registration of more number of cases are noticed. The NCRB of India 2012 report also found that close relatives or acquaintances of the victims are accused in 98% of India's rape cases, as opposed to the traditional belief that most rape is perpetrated by men, unknown to the woman.
Oxfam India, reported that at an all India level, the reporting of rape cases have increased by 2.9%. Charge-sheeting by police is seemingly as high as 95 percent but often this is not an indicator of their efficiency. Charge-sheets are filed against the number of cases that gets reported at the police station, which evidently are lesser in numbers. Some cases are withdrawn in the period between registering a case and the charge-sheet. The time period of filing a charge-sheet is also of concern, which ranges from six months to a year or more.
Some of the critical reasons for delay are: delay in filing First Information Report (FIR), delay in investigation, submission of medical reports, tampering of evidences and delay in the forensic reports. In fact a percentage of the charge-sheets are a carry-over from previous years, which adds to a picture of high percentage of charge-sheeting.
Adding to the grim picture, Imran Ali, advocate with the Supreme Court said, “although the registration of cases have increased after the Nirbhaya case, but nothing much has changed after that. Still, a lot of social stigma is attached to rape and this case has not been able to take all those away with it. It is not a historical judgment, in the sense that it was dealt out from old laws and nothing new happened and it was not a fair judgment as it was politically motivated and there was a huge social pressure.”