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Was Afzal Guru a martyr or a terrorist?
Was Afzal Guru a martyr or a terrorist? This is a debate which has been raging on in our country now. But the question is, why do some people believe that Afzal Guru was innocent inspite of his open and frank confession of his crimes to the police?

Mohammad Afzal Guru who was born in Kashmir, was convicted and given death sentence in India for his involvement in December 2001, Indian Parliament attack where he played a central role. He was also accused of providing hideouts and logistics for the terrorists in New Delhi.

Guru was arrested in 2001, and the initial sentence was given to him by a special court in 2002, which was later confirmed in 2003 by the Delhi High Court. Later he appealed to the apex court and his appeal was rejected in 2005. Following which his wife filed a mercy petition before the Presidnent of India and on 3 February 2013, which was rejected by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. His execution was made a secret affair on 9 February 2013 by the authorities, which later resulted in violent protests in Kashmir.

But recently the matter came into light again after some students held protests at the JNU campus against the hanging of Afzal Guru. The event was conducted on Tuesday, 9 February, marking the death anniversary of Parliament attacks convict Afzal Guru.

After this event the JNU campus virtually became a battlefield, as there was clash between students holding different ideologies. On one side Afzal Guru's supporters were calling him a martyr and shouting anti-national slogans and on the other hand ABVP representatives felt that the whole issue is of 'glorifying terrorists'.

There were many circumstantial evidences which were going against Guru and on the basis of that he was given a death sentence. Some of them are; he knew the dead terrorists and identified their bodies, he was in frequent telephonic contact with the terrorist Mohammed, including three calls that the latter made to him minutes before the attack. He confessed to the Delhi police and willingly showed around places to the terrorists. The police also recovered a laptop, including it's data which were used in the attack.

All these evidences clearly prove that he was guilty for the 2001 Parliament Attack, but there are many Kashmiris who still feels that Afzal has been made a scapegoat and his execution was a ugly face of the Indian occupation of Kashmir, where either people are killed for 'national interest' or to satisfy the 'collective conscience' of people.

They feel that, because Afzal was a Kashmiri he was denied justice by India and murdered. They say that Afzal became a martyr because he is the witness to the injustice done to Kashmiris by the country, symbolically.

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