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Water will soon become India's most precious resource
Although we are already dealing with water scarcity issues in many states now, but this situation is likely to worsen in the coming years. This problem is becoming critical as ground water levels are decreasing at an alarming level and the demand for water is increasing.

Water scarcity is a term that describes the relationship between the demand of water and the availability of it, and this problem is influenced by several factors such as inadequate rainfall, uncontrolled use of water and climate change are some of them. India has about 16 percent of the world population but has only 4 percent of the water resources, which leads to a severe water shortage.

A two-day summit was held in the norther Thai city of Chiang Mai, and the theme of the summit was “Water security and Water-related Disasters Challenges: Leadership and Commitment.” Harish Rawat, Union Minister for Water Resources who attended the summit says that, “We are a water stressed nation inching towards water scarcity.

He also said that, almost 80 percent of the water need in our country is fulfilled by ground water, but its use is being over exploited in many areas. As a possible measure to this problem, the inter basin transfer from surplus flood water areas to water scarce drought areas is to be done. He also focused on the need for water to be used more efficiently for uses like irrigation through new technology, recycling and reuse, reported Zee news.

In spite of the adequate rainfall in the country, there is a large proportion of area which is drought prone and there are lot of areas where the ground water is not good for use. Another major issue is that 90 percent of India’s territory is served by inter-state rivers, which becomes a reason for growing conflicts between the states, reported Green Clean Guide.

The growth of industrial sectors, mainly steel and energy sectors which requires more and more electricity and the electricity in turn comes from the thermal power plant or hydro power plants which are the most water-intensive industrial units. All these reasons results in increased consumption of water. This water scarcity is going to become an alarming problem and there is urgent requirement to address the issue of water scarcity in the country.

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