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What kind of educational reforms at school level is needed in India?
In India, with caste-based politics in dominance, with change of regime, patchwork educational reforms are done which many educationists call 'tinkering' with education. Currently, in the name of educational reforms, the patchwork Vedic culture, Vedic Mathematics, Vedic Science, Yoga, etc, are being propagated, which are part of the ideology of the ruling party.

Promoters of 'tinkering' view that the basic structures of schooling are largely good but some add-ons are required as decided by the ruling party and dominant class. But, over the years, education as a knowledge area and research in it has given it the shape of 'educational science' with intrinsic values, processes and norms about which 'tinkerers' are illiterate and ignorant.

As far as my knowledge goes that educational science says that learning is a basic human potential and there is diversity among learners and their contexts. Any kind of imposed reform at the general education level with emphasis on similarity and uniformity is detrimental to learning. Only school-level, contextualized and inclusive educational reform is appropriate with active involvement of teachers and local community is an appropriate reform.

The educational policy at general education level should be the development of rational learners who can make informed and wise choices and diverse methods which educational science has developed should be adapted to local context to improve various abilities of rational thinking, I feel.

The management of the school should be participatory and democratic to decide locally in an informed way what kind of education is the best for their school. The higher educational structures should assume a supportive role rather than a control system.

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