Dileep Padgaonkar, a senior journalist, while accepting the victory of the BJP in Gujarat, writes in The Times of India in an article titled, “After the verdict” on 19 December, 2012, that ‘For, this nation—where caste still matters more than religion, where minorities cannot be ignored, where regional satraps pursue their own agendas, where inclusive economic progress is the order of the day – has time and again shown that an idol that some revere has, in the eyes of many others, unsteady feet of clay.’
From that point onwards Hinduism has taken a Centrist stand. Even though Krishna preaches absolute asceticism and renunciation, the Gita is more inclined towards future Christianity than towards future Islam. And this is one of the most important reasons as to why Indian political history favors the Center over Right. Hindus as a majority have a strong dislike for Islamic version of Hinduism.
It was the updated consciousness imparted mostly by Britons, which was responsible for the Indians planning to show the exit door to British. The Indian freedom struggle was mostly centrist in nature and if the truth is to be spoken then it was largely middle class Hindu renaissance for a long time. Muslims joined very late, though the creation of Pakistan is a beauty from stability viewpoint. Right would have been very bad for Indian state had it been a dominant force during freedom struggle and negotiation with the British authorities. While it is true that Patel was a member of the RSS till Gandhi was assassinated, the fact is that he could be termed as a strong exception. India since its inception is West-staked and all Western countries invested in Nehru and his future family. The fact is that the Congress party was conglomerate of various ideologies and social groupings and still is. But changing consciousness is making newer political associations of various demographic constituents.
Congress should not dream much about getting majority in the general elections as it would be temporary. Congress can't continue its alliance intact if it eats into its allies' voting base. It can't get an absolute majority at the cost of its allies’ performance. But suppose it gets it, then opposition to the Congress would increase and the political untouchability of the BJP would decrease. In the next general election afterwards the Congress would have to face tougher opposition with many of its past allies going against it. It may loose the majority. The identity conflict and consciousness demands that no party should get an absolute majority.
Nobody should compare the BJP with Republicans and the Congress with the Democrats. The politics of the US is completely different from politics in India. Moreover, Republicans have ruled more than Democrats. True, initially women and African-Americans did not have voting rights. Mr. Obama’s re-election could affect Indian politics by letting Congress getting more allies more comfortably than the BJP doing so.
Therefore, the problem with the BJP is not its policies but the dominant demographic constituents’ interpretation of history. The BJP ideology does not fit into the imagination of the majority of the people whose lowest classes too have the wish to learn English and consume imported stuff. The BJP hardly gets votes of Muslims and therefore it starts with a weaker position than the Congress. Urbanization may not necessarily bring cheers to the BJP as it also is more likely to favor the Congress Party more. The reasons for differences in the performance of the BJP and the Congress other than the time factor are demographic factors and history of the subcontinent. One thing is certain that the Right has valid legitimacy in Indian politics but it can't oppose consumerism.
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