This gradual exodus is the result of multipronged policy of Pakistani governance structure to terrorize Hindus of Sindh so that their upper cast as well as elite and middle class especially from north of Sindh may migrate to India and elsewhere. Meanwhile, the poor and Dalit Hindus who are in majority population in the Southeast could either be converted to Islam through various Islamic Missionaries and Madersahs of Wahabism as well as Devband schools of thought. Hundreds of Madersas are operating in the India-bordering districts of Umerkot, Mithi, Sanghar and Ghotki - where majority of the Pakistani Hindus dwell.
The cases of forced conversions, abductions, assassinations, and forced marriages of Hindu girls have increased over last two decades in similar pattern to the increase of Madersahs. This is a beginning of Talbanization in Sindh, which is the only secular province of Pakistan and until now has protected its Sufi - secular credentials and defended itself against religious extremism.
There are some political factors also behind this. Hindu majority of Pakistan is traditional voters of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), which is a liberal center-left populist party; therefore, the security establishment has always eyed it. Exodus of Hindus from Sindh can weaken PPP in at least ten districts of Sindh.
Besides, there are some other more important factors as well. Punjab is thickly populated province of Pakistan. It always has been shifting its populations to the rest provinces of the country and abroad. Meanwhile, emerging Punjabi and Pashtun trader and businesspersons needs new markets of investment. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and Balchistan are undergoing insurgency; however markets, trade and business in the majority districts of Sindh is led by Hindu mercantile, entrepreneur and investor. The exodus will service the population and business interests of Punjab and KPK. It will also lead to the first success of Taliban in Sindh. More horrific is the fact that it will convert Sindhi indigenous population of the province into the permanent minority in their historical land.
Sindhi feudal class is no doubt is monstrous but has never been fanatic. Its majority is still secular; however, those who are weaker in power in their constituencies, have aligned with the Mullahs. The emerging Sindhi middle class as well as traditional feudal in association with civil society, media and political parties including Sindhi nationalists have rejuvenated the Hindu rights and protection movement in Sindh after the hype of Hindu Exodus because they are secular and more then that it is in their political and ethnic interests.
Exodus is none’s interest -- neither India, nor Pakistan and Sindh. The only missing link is the realization of necessary change on the part of establishment. What is to be done then? The only way is the ruling elites and establishment of Pakistan need to review the country’s policies, legal framework, and so-called ideological notion towards Hindus and other minorities. If they avoid this noble task, time and nature will avoid them for sure.