One should also note how skill enhancement was done earlier. First a worker joins the work force as an unskilled like helpers, and then through practice and experience they promote themselves in to semi-skilled labourers, skilled labourers and finally high skilled labourers. (carpenters, steel fitters, plumbers, masons etc).
One of the main reasons is MNREGA and the other is cheap rice and other commodities as part of FSB and other state related programs. These are populist programs implemented by UPA government for vote garnering tactic. These programs now make India vulnerable.
Registered under MNREGA, one will get 100 days of minimum employment in a year. That means he/she will get around 8 days of employment in a month. Now let's consider his wage as Rs 80/- per day. That means first day of wage is enough for his monthly requirement of rice/wheat, thanks to Rs 1/2/3 per kg rice! Second day's wage is sufficient for its monthly requirement of dal etc.
That means two day's wage is sufficient for his family's stomach requirement! Poor and tribal people generally don't have much more requirement. Thus rest 6 day's wages are wasted for liquor and other requirement. When there is no further need to them, why would they need to go out for hard labour? On the other hand, isn't such populist policies intended to create a lazy vote bank?
No doubt it's state's responsibility to provide employment to all. But what's the use of wasting nation's wealth in creating a lazy class? Food security is no doubt a fundamental obligation by state. But can such security be obtained in gifting commodities almost free or rather as donation to beggars for just vested political interest!
The motto of the government is to ensure that nobody sleeps empty stomach. The senior people, children, disabled people must be ensured by Panchayati Raj institutions so that they shouldn?t remain hungry! On the other hand youth and able poor people must be given employment and earning capabilities to purchase their requirement at market price!
We should also not ignore the plight of labourers working outside (beyond their villages). Past records shows maximum labourers are harassed, victimized and treated like bonded labourers. Thus justice must be prevailing on them. But that doesn't mean to make them a lazy class providing nonsense employment with freebies.
There is need of radical reform in labour laws. The unorganized sectors need to be organized. The agencies involving supplying labourers must be made registered and accountable for each labourers interest. The hiring agencies must make sure that all labourers are paid fairly, regularly with PF and other provision. Their living condition at worksite must be improved, the law enforcement officers must be accountable and there must be a database of labourers working across India. The present situation is such that executing agencies put all the responsibility on labour contractors making them Peace Rate worker and law enforcement officers like labour inspector, commissioner etc look other way getting their cuts.
Interestingly I just made this analysis considering infrastructure sector. Just imagine what would be the condition in agrarian sector? People simply leave cultivation because of unavailability of labourers and not getting price of their corps!
Thus I can conclude that MNREGA must be scrapped as well as the freebies should stop. Make employment available to all capable people making them able to purchase their ration like other people deservingly doing hard labour.
Laws must be reformed to ensure proper justice to them preventing harassment and victimization. 'Ek Bharat and Shrestha Bharat' can only be possible if all Indians contribute their best! If a sizable population remains idle enjoying freebie and sops, it would neither help their interest nor national interest!