Bureaucracy is "a body of non-elective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group." Historically, bureaucracy referred to government administration managed by departments staffed with non-elected officials. In modern parlance, bureaucracy refers to the administrative system governing any large institution.
Since being coined, the word "bureaucracy" has developed negative connotations for some. Bureaucracies are criticized for their complexity, their inefficiency, and their inflexibility. The dehumanizing effects of excessive bureaucracy were a major theme in the work of Franz Kafka, and were central to his masterpiece The Trial. The elimination of unnecessary bureaucracy is a key concept in modern managerial theory, and has been a central issue in numerous political campaigns.
Others have defended the existence of bureaucracies. The German sociologist Max Weber argued that bureaucracy constitutes the most efficient and rational way in which human activity can be organized, and that systematic processes and organized hierarchies were necessary to maintain order, maximize efficiency and eliminate favoritism. But even Weber saw bureaucracy as a threat to individual freedom, in which the increasing bureaucratization of human life traps individuals in an "iron cage" of rule-based, rational control.
Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav has said he regretted having posted suspended IAS official Durga Sakthi Nagpal to a prime district like Noida, but he defended her suspension. In an interview to Wall Street Journal (WSJ), Yadav said on Wednesday that it was at the request of Durga Nagpal's husband, also an IAS official that she was posted in Greater Noida.
In hindsight, the chief minister said, he regretted having ceded to the demand on a purely humanitarian ground. Durga Shakti Nagpal's husband is posted in Ghaziabad. The chief minister, while defending the action of his government to suspend Nagpal, said he has never interfered in the working of the official.
Reiterating the previously stated stand of the government that the SDM of Noida was suspended following her orders to demolish boundary wall of a mosque under construction in Kadalpur village of Greater Noida, the UP chief minister told WSJ that to write and speak about any action, one would have to understand the complexities of the state as large as Uttar Pradesh.
According other media reports, in her very first year of tenure in UP, she nabbed the sand mafia, seizing 24 dumpers and 300 trollies used for illegal quarrying in the Yamuna and Hindon river banks. 15 people, related to the case, were arrested in Gautam Buddha Nagar and Greater Noida with a fine of INR 2 crore. The sand was confiscated and was put on government auction, which is when she came under the radar of politicians involved in illegal mining.”
Activists and some politicians have accused the administration of concocting the wall incident as an excuse to oust Ms. Nagpal, after she apparently took steps to crack down on illegal sand mining in the state. For the residents of Kadalpur, a sleepy village in Gautambudh Nagar, which is at the centre of the controversy surrounding the suspension of Sub-Divisional Magistrate Durga Shakti Nagpal, the IAS officer is no hero.
They allege that she personally supervised the demolition of the mosque's wall on July 27 and said her suspension by the Samajwadi Party-led Uttar Pradesh government was justified. The villagers stressed on the “highhandedness” of the local administration led by Ms. Nagpal in carrying out the demolition, allegedly without any prior notice. This ostensibly cost the Sub Divisional Magistrate her job.
The mosque was built on gram sabha land without permission from the local administration. The present structure of the mosque, after its main wall and the temporary roof were brought down by the authorities, consists of an elevated land with a tarpaulin roof.
Mohammad Shafique, husband of village pradhan Afroza, however, argues that activities in the region have traditionally adhered to the decisions of the panchayat, which had, in this case, sanctioned the mosque’s construction.
We know, “the checking institutions (law and accountability) have to do their job to force executives to serve the public will. But checks by themselves do not produce the expertise and enforcement power needed to govern effectively.”