In India, the problem of violence against women is a result of a long-standing power imbalance between men and women. To combat with the violence against women, NCW has taken up a multi-level strategy to tackle the problem.
THE CONSTITUTION of India assures equality of genders. This is one of the fundamental rights. But a majority of people are today dying hard to change these fundamental rights to fundamental wrongs.
There are so many notable Indian women in various fields. India has the world’s largest number of professionally qualified women. But there is still so much of negativity against them. India has more female doctors, scientists and professors than the United States. There has been a great fuss about Women’s Bill in India. This refers to their dynamic political involvement. There are about 6,797,946,050 people in the world. As per World Bank, World Development Indicators, India has 1,139,964,932 population as of 2008, out of which around 45 per cent (nearly half are women, ie, around eight per cent of world’s total population). Still they are the most disadvantaged as against their counterparts in other developmental countries.
In India, the problem of violence against women is a result of a long-standing power imbalance between men and women. Female infanticide is very common in some notable states in India because there is a preference for sons because male children preserve the family ancestry. The education of sons is also considered much more important than daughters. Within the household, there even exists gender favouritism which influences intra-household distribution of food. Because women and girls are given less food than men, malnutrition among adolescent girls and women is common in India. Due to lower educational levels, a woman has a much less possibility to earn. Dowry is generally demanded from the husband’s side before or after marriage. Newly married women become the subject to ill treatment. Women are also considered in terms of their virginity, as chastity is considered as a great virtue. But, in case of men, nobody ever thinks of their virginity status. In terms of family planning, women have been used as the subjects of experiments. When women resist against their exploitation, many try to silence them.
Media that includes television, radio and newspapers can play a positive role in creating awareness in this regard. Apart from other commercial soaps and films, media should educate people to uplift the status of women.
All over history and in many countries, including India, gender inequality was omnipresent (apart from God) in a male-dominated culture. Atrocities and favouritism are the two important problems, which the Indian women still confront in the modern India. The orthodox people of India always perceive that the berth of women is mainly focused inside the four walls of a house in a family, like kitchen work and nurturing the babies. They have been considered as the object of sexual gratification apart from being treated inferior to the men in all possible areas. Some of the main forms of inhumanities and prejudiced mindsets against the women are female feticide, sati path, pariah path, child marriage, dowry system, etc. After 63 years of independence, Indian women are still one of the most powerless, marginalised and threatened sections of Indian society. India has the lowest sex ratio in the world. Female literacy is only 54 per cent as against 75 per cent of male literacy. Women's delegacy in the Indian parliament and in the state legislatives has never been above 10 per cent. Only around three per cent women are administrators and managers, 21 per cent are professional and the technical workers all of whom collectively earn 25 per cent of the shared income. The gender equality is not a simple matter. It requires the change in attitudes of the husband, in-laws and society as a whole to the women. The foremost priority should be devoted to the women education, which is the root-level problem. The fight for gender equality will initially be slow, painful and lengthy, as the phenomenal modification can’t be brought in a night. This very struggle has to be banged on irrespective of Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, etc, and every caste, class, race, religion should take part in this independence struggle to make a refined world where all can have a peaceful coexistence.
In this aspect, Government of India established the National Commission for Women (NCW) as a legal body in January 1992, to review the constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures; facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the government on all policy matters affecting women. In due course of time, NCW has orchestrated workshops/consultations, constituted expert committees on economic empowerment of women, conducted workshops/seminars for gender awareness and took up publicity campaign against female feticide, violence against women, etc in order to generate awareness in the society against these social evils.
To combat with the violence against women, NCW has taken up a multi-leveled strategy to tackle the problem.
NCW has various cells to address different issues of women. Even a woman can complain online at www.nic.in/OnlineComplaints/frmHome.aspx. The complaints may be of different forms such as: domestic violence, harassment, dowry, torture, desertion, bigamy, rape, refusal to register FIR, cruelty by husband, deprivation, gender discrimination and sexual harassment at work place.
Given all the provisions that are currently available or will be there in the near future, women should not at all misutilise the facilities given to them unlike men. Women—individually or in groups, organisations, non-government organisations (NGOs) should come forward and take active, befitting steps to build strong morale in their families. They should also raise their voice against being filmed for any kind of adult scenes in media and also avert from wearing much-Westernised dresses. This will definitely impose a good sense of morale in their off springs and will build up an exemplary family, thus a model society, state and country.On World Women’s Day (March 8) every year, women deserve more than just a day’s appreciation and forgetting them. In many different feasible ways, we can give more than what women need as our mothers, daughters, sisters, wives. This aspect needs nation-wide debates to facilitate our living conditions.