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World AIDS Day: Some basic informations about HIV-AIDS
The 'World AIDS Day' is observed on December 1 each year. The day is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV virus and infection. Here is some basic information about HIV-AIDS for you this day.

HIV stands for "Human Immunodeficiency Virus". The route of the transmission of HIV virus from one person to another is contact of HIV positive individual's blood, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk with another person's bloodstream.

HIV infection usually occurs due to unsafe sexual activity, it can also be transmitted from a HIV/AIDS positive mother to her child or through an infected blood transfusion or sharing of used needles.

Experts inform that once a person gets HIV infected, it takes as long as 8 to 10 years for the virus to effectively breakdown the bodies' natural immune defenses leading to the stage of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS for short.

Although medical scientists around the world are trying hard to obtain a cure or even a vaccine for the HIV, none are currently available.

Various studies tell that there are several other factors that contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS and the marginalization of people living with HIV/AIDS, which include poverty, unemployment, inadequate medical care, and risky sexual activity.

Social scientists and activists hold that a factor that often goes unnoticed is the presence of social stigma that becomes associated to People Living with AIDS (PLWA).

Stigma generally results in isolation, physical and verbal abuse, and even in the premature death of PLWA. The spread of stigma among PLWA is preventable, but it requires the media, community, civil society organizations, NGOs and grassroots organizations to work for spreading awareness about the disease.

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