World over, World Kidney Day is celebrated every year on the second Thursday in March, which happens to be today. The theme for 2014 is Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) and ageing. The main objective of celebrating World Kidney Day is to raise awareness about kidney, and highlighting the key risk factors, which cause kidney diseases.
Kidney failure is on the rise, and the cost of its treatment is an enormous burden on the health-care systems worldwide. Almost, one in every ten people have some or the other kind of kidney damage and every year, millions die prematurely due to complications related to kidney diseases.
In India, around 17 per cent of urban Indians are suffering with kidney diseases, and 64.5 per cent patients are suffering from CKD. The triggers of CKD are hypertension anemia and diabetes. Kidneys are complicated and amazing organ of the human body, which helps in removing toxins and excess water from the blood. Kidneys also controls the blood stream levels, keeps bones healthy, helps in producing red blood cells and controls the chemical balance of the body also.
CKD is a progressive loss in kidney function over a period of months or years. When kidney function falls below a certain point, it is called kidney failure. It affects your whole body, and can make you very ill. Untreated kidney failure can be life-threatening. Early chronic kidney disease has no signs or symptoms and can be treated as well. It is better, if one detects it earlier, as the person will receive better treatment.
Although chronic kidney diseases have silently affected a large number of people, a strict regimented diet and lifestyle can reduce its effect.
Here is a simple dietary guideline:
Restrict the intake of salt and don't add salt after cooking.
A low protein diet slows down the disease progression, but protein is essential for growth, muscle building and tissue repair. So you should consume enough protein to stay healthy.
Calcium is another major factor.
Fluid intake should be monitored.
Healthy eating controls blood pressure, weight, cholesterol and blood sugar levels, slowing the progression of kidney disease.