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World Kidney Day: Is obesity the root cause?
On the World Kidney Day, it's important to talk about the disease that is a major cause of kidney problems – Obesity.

Obesity though not considered a serious health issue, is the root cause of several lifestyle ailments, especially kidney related diseases. Other than kidney problems, obesity can lead to ailments including cardiac disease, diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, fatty liver, obstructive sleep, gall bladder disease, various cancers, osteoarthritis and even psychological problems.

The theme for this year's World Kidney Day (March 9) is 'Obesity and Kidney disease: Healthy lifestyle for healthy kidneys'. As per research, around 50 per cent of kidney failure cases are those of diabetic patients. And 30-40 per cent kidney ailment cases are due to the patients being obese and overweight, if not diabetic.

The International Federation of Kidney Foundation has said that by 2025, obesity will affect 18 per cent men worldwide and the same figure for women is at over 21 per cent women. It had also warned that the urban population is more prone to obesity-related kidney ailments than the rural population – mostly because of the sedentary lifestyle.

Kidney disease, if detected early, can be treated without incurring much costs and without leaving any long-term effects. While at early stages, the disease shows no symptoms, but regular blood and urine tests can help in detecting the disease. Apart from this, ultrasound of kidneys can also help in ascertaining the size & position of the kidneys and detect any abnormality.

As a precaution, a controlled blood pressure and sugar can help prevent kidney related diseases especially the chronic ones. Even if a kidney patient is on dialysis or has undergone a transplant, it's not difficult to lead a healthy life provided that adequate measures are taken.

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