The results of Punjab were very much expected as the people of the state had been harbouring resentment against the ruling SAD-BJP government. Anti-incumbent force had been working from the very beginning against the ruling alliance, but surprisingly, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), the debutante party in the state of Punjab, which was being seen as a strong contender, was out-rightly rejected by the voters who chose to support Congress led by Captain Amarinder Singh instead.
In Uttarakhand too, BJP was expected to get the benefit against the unsatisfactory working of the Harish Rawat government. Besides for the past many years power has been alternatively exchanged between Congress and BJP in Uttarakhand, shifting back and forth with one term of either party being followed by another five years rule of the rival party.
In Goa and Manipur, Congress and BJP were face-to-face in direct confrontation. While BJP was rejected by the voters of Goa, AAP was routed in the state. The voters preferred to chose between BJP and Congress, making it clear that they are more inclined to chose national parties over regional and smaller parties. This is the reason that the people who were not expecting Congress to do well, were surprised by the results of Punjab, where the Grand Old Party got a full majority, while in Goa and Manipur, it emerged as the single largest party.
A few things have become crystal clear after a massive win for the BJP in UP. First, the NDA alliance is still intact which was formed at the time of 2014 Lok Sabha elections. Secondly, the supposed resentment of people over demonetisation proved to be completely wrong. Last but not the least, caste equations and demographics of the state greatly changed during this election. The Samajwadi Party lost its vote bank of Yadavs and even other Non-Yadav OBCs switched loyalties towards BJP. Likewise, Dalit votes also got divided, with the BJP getting a decent share. Muslim community on the other hand seemed divided both horizontally and vertically between SP, BSP, Congress and independents, tilting the election entirely in BJPs favour.
Frankly speaking, despite all these changes, it cannot be denied that the Modi factor is still in existence in UP and it is felt that with the formation of BJP government, the development doors would open upwithmore employment opportunities. Particularly in UP, it will be a challenge for Modi and BJP to rise up to the expectations ofpeople especially when the voters have instilled their faith in BJPwhile rejecting regional parties.
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