90 % of donations political parties receiving from corporate only
Narendra Ch | 24 Dec 2014

On the declaration of donations by the national political parties, Prof. Jagdeep Chhokar, -Trustee of Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), has stated, "90 per cent of the donations being from corporates shows the increasing hold of the corporate sector on political parties which is somewhat disconcerting. The ruling party not submitting its donation report is not a good sign as it possibly indicates a lack of respect for integrity of institutions which is not healthy for a democracy."

Political parties are required to submit their contributions report before the due date for furnishing a return of their income for 2013-14 which was 31st October, 2014. ECI received the donations report of BSP on 13th Sept,'14, of NCP on 17th Sept,'14, of CPI on 23rd Sept,'14 and of CPM and Congress on 30th Sept,'14. BSP declared that the party did not receive any donations above Rs 20,000 during 2013-14, as it has declared in the past.

The total amount of donations above Rs 20,000 received by National Political Parties during FY 2013-14 is calculated from the donations report submitted to the Election Commission annually. The total amount of donations above Rs 20,000 declared by the National Parties was Rs. 76.93 crores, from 881 donations.

On an average, Congress received Rs 11.70 lakhs per unique donor, NCP: Rs 1 crore, CPI: Rs 3.23 lakhs and CPM: Rs 4.03 lakhs per unique donor. Donations to Congress increased from Rs 11.72 crores during FY 2012-13 to Rs 59.58 crores during 2013-14 (408% increases).

 In 2012-13, donations declared by BJP was more than the aggregate declared by the INC, NCP, CPI and CPM during 2013-14BJP had declared a total of Rs 83.19 crores received above Rs 20,000 during 2012-13.  A total of Rs 45.49 crores was donated to the National Parties from Delhi by both corporates and individuals together followed by Rs 18.12 crores from Maharashtra and Rs 3.01 crores from Gujarat.

35 donations from corporate/business sectors amounting to Rs 55.02 crores were made to INC while 708 individual donors donated Rs 4.56 crores.  13 donations from corporate/ business sectors aggregating to Rs 14 crores were made to NCP while 2 individual donors donated Rs 2 lakhs.   While 4 donations to CPI were made from Unions and a Memorial Trust which aggregated to Rs 2.75 lakhs, CPM received a total of Rs 5 lakhs from 4 corporate/ business houses during  2013-14.