A new discovery known as nanopatterning could lead to creation of lighter laptops
Vishnu Mohan | 13 Aug 2013

Based on a published article in this regard

According to the lead researcher of the University of Akron, "The IT industry wants microchips that are as small as possible so that they can manufacture smaller and faster devices". Based on a report, University of Akron researchers have developed new materials that can functon on a nanoscale, which could lead to the creation of lighter laptops, slimmer televisions and crisper smartphone visual displays.
Some highlights on this achievement are as follows :
- The researchers used a technique known as nanopatterning to combine functioning molecular nanoparticles with polymers to build these nano materials.
- Nanopatterning, or self asembling molecular materials, when integrated into electronics, will enable the development of ultra-lightweight, compact and efficient devices because of their unique structures.
- During their self assembly, molecules form an organized lithographic pattern on semiconductor crystals, for use as integrated circuits.  These self assembling materials differ from common block copolymers (a portion of a macromolecule, comprising many units, that has atleast one feature which is not present in the adjacent portions) because they organize themselves in a controllable manner at the molecular level.
- For creation of tiny and yet mighty devices, the spacing of nanometers plays an important role.  The current technique can produce 22 nanometers only, and cannot go down to the 10 nanometers or less necessary to creaty tiny, yet might devices.  However, the giant surfactants can dictate smaller scale electronic components. In other words, the researchers seem to be pursuing these self assembling materials that organize at smaller sizes, say, less than 20 or even 10 nanometers.  20 nanometers is equated to 1/4,000 the diameter of a human hair.
The lead researcher points out that "these results are not only of pure scientific interest to the narrow group of scientists, but also important to a broad range of industry people".  The team of researchers are testing real-world applications in nanopatterning technologies and hope to see commercialization in the future.
Hoping researchers in India in the concerned field do take note of the above development.
Hoping the above favours consideration at the right quarters.