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Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
keralawildlife | 03 Apr 2008

Established in 1983, and Aralamcovering a total area of 55 sq. kms, the Aralam wildlife sanctuary is located on the Western Slopes of the Western Ghats This is the Northern most wildlife sanctuary in Kerala. The Head quarters of the sanctuary is located at Iritty, a small town located about 55 kms from Kannur City.

The sanctuary adjoins the Central state farm at Aralam. The elevation of this area varies between 50m and 1145m. The highest peak in this region is Katti Betta, which is 1145m high.

The normal range of temperature is between 21 degree centigrade and 40 degree centigrade in the foothills and between 8 degree centigrade and 5 degree centigrade at the higher reaches. The sanctuary receives and annual rainfall of 3000mm.

The predominant forest type in this area is Tropical Ever-Green and the Tropical Semi Ever-Green.

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary

Established in 1984, the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary situated on either side of the Shendurney river is the only one in the Kollam district.. The sanctuary covers a total area of 250 sq kms and is acclaimed the world over for r its bio-diversity. The Parappar dam has been built across the Shendurney River and serves the purpose of irrigation in Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts. The lake covers a total area of 13.72 sq kms.

The mean temperature during summer is 35 degree centigrade and during winters it around 16 degree centigrade, with the annual rainfall is approximately 3200 mm. The terrain here is rugged with gentle to steep slopes ranging between 90m to 1550m. The tourist season is during the cooler months from October to March.

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

Between the Anamalai Ranges of Taminadu and the Nelliampathy Ranges of Kerala on the Western Ghats is the Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary. Situated in the Palakkad district, it was originally a small tract of reserve forest with an area of about 48 sq. kms. However owing to the growing wildlife need, it was expanded in 1962 and today covers an area of 258 sq. kms.

Ideally suited to the growth of teak, the tract encouraged large scale teak plantations through artificial regeneration in the early 1920's. This was abandoned when a full fledged wildlife department was formed in 1985. Several streams originate from these hills and flows towards the Chalakudy river. The terrain is mostly undulating with a valley in the basin. The Karimala Gopuram is the highest peak in this region and standing at 1444m

The sanctuary is accessible by road from the Tamil Nadu side of the border. Buses ply between Pollachi and Parambikulam.