Are we following our Constitution?
Satbir Singh Bedi | 19 Aug 2013
Our Constitution makers have summarised the aims and objectives of our Constitution in the Preamble to the Constitution which is as under:
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly
resolved to constitute India into a
SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and
to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual
and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twentysixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT,
ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS
According to it, first of all social justice has to be ensured but we have miserably failed to provide such justice to the Dalits and the tribals. While untouchability is an offence, it is still being practiced in remote areas and the tribals are being given a raw deal. Their forests and lands full of mineral resources are being exploited and in return they get virtually nothing. So, no social justice is available to the underprivileged sections of the society. Then we have to ensure economic justice but here vested interests come to the fore and deprive the poor people of getting such justice. In fact, justice itself is a very costly affair with most of the lawyers charging prohibitive fees for fighting a case. Then there are widespread cases of corruption in the judiciary and under the table deals are made. This is clear to anyone who has visited the courts. There are so many pending cases because of so many vacant posts not only in the lower judiciary but also in the higher judiciary. Then political justice has to be ensured but what are the political parties doing. Take the case of Durga Shakti Nagapal who has been suspended by the UP Govt. just to please the sand mining mafia against whom the former had taken action. Now even Durga's husband has been punished and transferred to Jhansi from Ghaziabad. Both the quality and the quantity of justice leaves much to be desired.
Then the Preamble to the Constitution envisages liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship but where is this liberty? Are we giving liberty to Salman Rushdie or Taslima Nasreen to write what they want to write or have we allowed M.F. Hussain to paint what he wanted to paint? We do not allow criticism of various religions on the grounds that this would lead to disruption of the public peace. If we are so much afraid then how can we enjoy liberty and why should we be so afraid of criticism of our religions? Everybody has to ask this question of himself. There are so many communal riots and the people are not being given the freedom to even worship. Dalits at many places are barred from worshipping in the Hindu temples.
Then we have to ensure equality of status and of opportunity but here we play vote bank politics and ensure reservations rather than spreading education so that all could become aware of their rights and achieve equality of status. We are also required to promote fraternity assuring dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the country. But are we working towards this end. We have a VIP culture and there is no dignity for the common man. With the demand for states on caste, creed, regional and linguistic basis, we are hardly working for the unity and integrity of the country. So, to sum up, we are not following our Constitution.