Awakening of women in India
Leena | 08 Jun 2006
Its about the condition of indian women in past and in present scenario.
This system of discrimination is followed even today, but not as much as in the earlier period.
Girl child was considered as the biggest liability on the shoulders of her parents. They always wanted to have boy. Unfortunately, if girl child would take birth, either she would have been thrown away or killed. Boy was considered to be the biggest support of their family. He was treated as an earning hand of the family. So, his birth meant to be the growth and expansion of the family.
The biggest thing is that at the time of his marriage, he wont go anywhere but his wife will bring something for his family as Dowry. Thus, they keep on having children until boy child is born. This increases the size of their family. This used to happen before 18th Century.
During British rule, women were not allowed to move freely in the society. They were kept in seclusion and under subjection.
Purdah system was also very famous at that time when they had to cover their face while moving outside.
Moreover, they were denied of their rights. They were not given Right to education, Right to freedom, right to hold personal
property and Right to take decisions.
At that time, the system of child marriage was very popular. Small girls were made to marry while their brothers were studying abroad. This kind of injustice was done to them. This gave them a lower status than men in the society.
But, a change came when many social reformers like Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Swami Dayanand Saraswati came forward to make reforms which could change the position of women in the indian society. They really worked for the upliftment of women. As a result, the purdah system was broken. women started moving freely in society. But it was a false dawn as nothing would be implemented properly. Then Gandhi era or period started. Gandhiji started numerous big movements against the British government like Satyagrah, Non Cooperation Movement, Dandi March etc. He considered women as main source of power for his movements. He realized their unutilized power and encouraged them to take part in his movements. In this way women came forward. They shamed men and defied all social taboos.
They also worked for the rehabilitation of villages and improvement in the condition of an ordinary man. This gave them higher position than men in the society.