2017  
  2016  
  2015  
  2014  
  2013  
  2012  
  2011  
  2010  
  2009  
  2008  
  2007  
  2006  
Blood pressure measurement may detect proneness to heart attack
Dr KK Aggarwal | 09 Jan 2012

The ankle-brachial index (ABI), a simple, non-invasive 10-minute test that should be incorporated into a routine physical exam for diagnosing peripheral arterial disease in the middle age, elderly especially with heart attack risk factors like smokers, diabetics and the ones with high BP or cholesterol levels, said Padma Shri & Dr. B.C. Roy National Awardee, Dr. KK Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India.

THE ANKLE-brachial index (ABI), a simple, non–invasive 10-minute test that should be incorporated into a routine physical exam for diagnosing peripheral arterial disease in the middle age, elderly especially with heart attack risk factors like smokers, diabetics and the ones with high BP or cholesterol levels, said Padma Shri & Dr. B.C. Roy National Awardee, Dr. KK Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India.


With the patient in a supine position, the doctor takes blood pressure readings from both arms; he then takes blood pressure readings from both ankles with a sphygmomanometer and Doppler device.  ABI value is calculated by dividing the higher systolic pressure in each leg by the higher systolic brachial pressure.


ABI scores should be interpreted as follows:


•        Greater than 0.90 = normal


•        0.71 – 0.90 = mild obstruction


•        0.41 – 0.70 = moderate obstruction


•        Less than 0.40 = severe obstruction


•        More than 1.30 = calcification of the vessels


Presence of peripheral arterial disease may indicate associated blockages in the heart and proneness to heart attack or paralysis.