Breeding ground of militants
Satyajit Usham | 21 Jul 2009

Chief Minister of Manipur reveals that there are more than 30 militant groups in the State. This revelation has raised a poser: Why militancy strives in a landlocked tiny northeastern State like Manipur ?

Manipur may be one of the smallest States in the country, but it is definitely the best breeding ground for militants, if the revelation of Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh is of any indication.

The revelation has also raised a poser: Why militancy is striving in this tiny landlocked Northeastern State ?

Responding to a query in the question hour session of the ongoing Manipur Legislative Assembly on July 20, Okram said there are more than 30 militants groups operating in Manipur.

United National Liberation Front (UNLF), People’s Liberation Army (PLA), Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL), People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), United People’s Party of Kangleipak (UPPK), Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), Kangleipak Communist Party-( Military Council (KCP-MC) and People’s United Liberation Front (PULF) are among the major valley based UG groups while the hill-based include NSCN (IM), NSCN (K), Kuki National Organisation (KNO), an umbrella Organisation of 11 groups; United People’s Front (UPF), another umbrella organisation of 8 groups, Naga National Council (NCC) and Manipur Naga Revolutionary Front (MNRF), the Chief Minister revealed.

He further informed the House that there are 10 KCP factions. These are KCP (Noyon), KCP-MC (Lanheiba Meitei), KCP-MC (Lanjaba Meitei), KCP (Lamphel), KCP (City Meitei), KCP (Kokkai), KCP (Nando), KCP (KK Nganba), KCP-MC (Ningamba) and KCP-MC (Lallumba).

Over and above these, there are small outfits like the hill-based United Naga People’s Council (UNPC), Komrem People’s Army (KRPA), Kuki Revolutionary Front (KRF) and Sinlung People’s Liberation Army (Sinlung Tiger Force) and the valley-based Kangleipak People’s Liberation Army (KPLA-PULF Azad), he added.

To a supplementary question, the Chief Minister said Suspension of Operation (SoO) has been signed with Kuki National Organisation (KNO) and United Peoples’ Front (UPF).

The organisations under KNO are Kuki National Front (Military Council), Kuki National Front (Zogam), United Socialist Revolutionary Army (Old Kuki), United Komrem Revolutionary Army (UKRA), Zomi Reunification Front (ZRF), Zou Defence Volunteer (ZDV-KNO), Hmar National Army (HNA), Kuki Revolutionary Army (Unification), Kuki Liberation Army (KLA-KNO) and Kuki National Army (KNA) while the organisations under UPF include Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA), Kuki National Front (KNF), United Kuki Liberation Front (UKLF), Kuki Liberation Army (KLA-UPF), Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA), Kuki National Front (S), Hmar Peoples’ Conference/ Democratic (HPC-D) and Zou Defence Volunteers (ZDV-UPF).