Sunni Muslims recognize the first four Caliphs as successors of Prophet Muhammad. They recognise heirs of the four caliphs as legitimate religious leaders. In contrast, Shiite Muslims believe that only the heirs of the fourth caliph, Ali, are the legitimate successors of Prophet Mohammed. These differences have been the cause of deadly conflict between the two denominations.
Majority of the Muslims in the World are Sunni Muslims and they constitute approximately 85% of the total Muslim Population. They are in majority in all the countries of the World except Iran where Shias form 90-95% of the population, Iraq where Shias are 65% of the population, Bahrain where again Shias are 65% of the population and Azerbaijan where Shias are 85%. In addition, in war torn Syria, the country is being ruled by a Shia. However, it is in Pakistan that Shias are being declared non-Muslims unofficially by the Talibans. There is a genocide against Shias and they are being eliminated in Balochistan province of Pakistan as well as Balistan area of Pak Occupied Kashmir. They are being systematically eliminated in Punjab province of Pakistan also, particularly South Punjab. This is despite the fact that the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was himself a Shia Muslim and Pakistan has been ruled by Shias like General Iskander Mirza, General Yahya Khan, Prime Ministers, Z.A. Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto as well as Asif Ali Zardari.
According to the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)'s Director, Tufail Ahmed, in Pakistan, where Islamist groups are launching regular attacks against non-Muslim Pakistanis like Christians and Hindus as well as some sects of Muslims such as Shi'ites and Ahmadi Muslims, whom they do not consider to be real Muslims, the official and unofficial media, government leaders and religious scholars have legitimized hate against religious minorities, with the term "minority" itself having come to be seen in a pejorative context. As a result of such legitimization of hate through school textbooks, government policies, sermons in mosques and religious congregations, there is growing persecution of Pakistani Christians, Hindus, Shias and Ahmadi Muslims. In September 2012, MEMRI released a paper by Tufail Ahmed, cataloguing Islamist and jihadi attacks against these minority groups and underlining the need to put Pakistan on international genocide watch.
The following verse of the Holy Quran forbids unrighteous oppression: “Say (O Muhammad ): (But) the things that my Lord has indeed forbidden are Al-Fawahish (great evil sins, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, sins (of all kinds), unrighteous oppression, joining partners (in worship) with Allah for which He has given no authority, and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge." (Qur’an 7.33) The following verse of the Holy Quran clearly states that nobody should be killed whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause: “Say (O Muhammad): Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty - We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand.” Qur’an 6.151) The following verse of the Holy Quran asks the Muslims to grant protection to polytheists, idolaters, pagans and disbelievers in the oneness of Allah: “And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Qur'an), and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because they are men who know not.” (Qur’an 9.6) The following verse from the Holy Quran forbids Muslims to help one another in sin and transgression: “O you, who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the symbols of Allah, nor of the sacred month, nor of the animals brought for sacrifice, nor the garlanded people or animals, etc. [Marked by the garlands on their necks made from the outer part of the tree-stems (of Makkah) for their security], nor the people coming to the Sacred House (Makkah), seeking the bounty and good pleasure of their Lord. But when you finish the Ihram (of Hajj or 'Umrah), you may hunt, and let not the hatred of some people in (once) stopping you from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) lead you to transgression (and hostility on your part). Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment.” (Qur’an 5.2) The following verses narrate the story of the two sons of Adam, Abel and Cain. Cain killed his brother and became one of the losers: “And (O Muhammad) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Habil (Abel) and Qabil (Cain)] in truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allah), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter said to the former: "I will surely kill you." The former said: "Verily, Allah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious)” (Qur’an 5.27) "If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me, I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you, for I fear Allah; the Lord of the 'Aa’lameen (mankind, jinns, and all that exists)." (Qur’an 5.28) "Verily, I intend to let you draw my sin on yourself as well as yours, then you will be one of the dwellers of the Fire, and that is the recompense of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)." (Qur’an 5.29) “So the Nafs (self) of the other (latter one) encouraged him and made fair-seeming to him the murder of his brother; he murdered him and became one of the losers.” (Qur’an 5.30) The following verse clearly states that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in land, it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he has saved the life of all mankind: “Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land - it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. And indeed, there came to them Our Messengers with clear proofs, evidences, and signs, even then after that many of them continued to exceed the limits (e.g. by doing oppression unjustly and exceeding beyond the limits set by Allah by committing the major sins) in the land!” (Qur’an 5.32)
In view of what has been stated above in the Holy Quran, the genocide of Shias in Pakistan is wholly unjustified.