Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played a major role in pushing for sustainable development at the international level. Societies and their institutions are commonly divided into three sectors: public or governmental, for-profit or corporate, and non-profit or independent.
This number is sometimes reduced to two- public and private. The public sector includes governmental institutions, while the private includes both for-profit and nonprofit organizations. Institutions within the non-profit or independent sector are often referred to as non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
Broadly speaking, NGOs include charitable organizations such as hospitals, museums, and orchestras; voluntary health agencies. NGOs are committed to addressing social needs and improving the human condition. In addition to this broad mandate, many NGOs share a number of other characteristics. They recruit and engage volunteers for many of their activities and are usually led by volunteer boards; they place mission before profits; and they engage in activities, such as grassroots advocacy campaigns, that would be difficult or impossible for other organizations.
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) under directions of Supreme Court is investigating into the working of 20 lakhs Non-government Organizations (NGOs) and during the course of investigation, alarming and sensational working style of these social organizations is coming up on surface.
According to this figure, one NGO is actively working for 600 people whereas there is only one doctor for 1700 people and only one police official for 943 people. These NGOs social service originations are getting on an average Rs.1000 crore annually from Central and State governments. According to the report of Home Department, the amount of financial assistance received by these NGOs is Rs.10,000 crore and misappropriation of funds and corruption cases often comes in the newspapers. Not only this, it also is a matter of serious concern, the working of government institutions is being confined to limited sphere while the NGOs, on the basis of its existence are over-powering the political and society. Even certain NGOs have great contribution in formation of certain laws, policies and important issues and the presence of NGOs is felt necessary. At the time, there is a need to thinks seriously for those NGOs which are running only with the sole aim of minting money and self-intserests.
Some are small organizations with only a handful of staff and volunteers. Others operate on a global scale. Whatever the case, NGOs continue to play a critical role in our society. In the future, success will lead to obsolescence for some NGOs, but others will evolve to address unresolved issues and emerging threats, improving the health and wellbeing of the public.
It is seen that that these institutions shows huge expenditure on administrative expenses like salary of employees etc. just as a formality to consume the funds. Some experts are of the view that small NGOs are proved an asset for the society instead of big NGOs. The other part is that the governments in the name of putting a check over the activities of the rival group institutions and workers harass them. Such actions taken with revengeful attitude are creating a problem for the good standing institutions. The only thing to be seen is that these institutions, which takes the burden of moral and social responsibility, is the duty of the government.