The Malady of Communism in India
Sasidharan Nair | 29 Mar 2008

  Karl Marx said, the change is the only unchanged and immortal. But it seems that our Left parties as a whole are yet to understand thoroughly the basic ideology of its original creator. Communism is an ideology. Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Though there are various forms of Marxism, most forms share capitalism is based on the exploitation of workers by the owners of capital. Socialism is their utmost goal and that is a Utopian dream. Marxism is an exemplary ideology to mankind. Nevertheless, it is followed and practiced in India in a bitter, sour, sceptical and to a certain level in an admirable manner. The mere interpretation of Marxism or Communism based on the extraneous political theory to a country and its people, improper practice and prejudiced thoughts of the so-called Indian Marxist pundits augmented the confusion and non-acceptance of Communism in India to the mass.

   India is not a simple country, but a vast country that has multi-continental dimensions: Several states, several languages, several cultures, several life styles and living standards and several religions and beliefs. But, despite all diversities India and people of India are united. Unlike 19th and 20th century England and Europe with the industry based economy, India had centuries old, and still has, agricultural oriented economy.  Even in the present surging Indian economic scenario and with its added status of one of the fastest developing country, it is pertinent that the benchmark of Indian economy is agriculture. It is true that the changes all over the world reflected and influenced in India also.

   The Communism arrived in India around 1920. However, the Communist Party of India was officially found on December 26, 1925 in Kanpur, by a few ardent young people inspired by the Great October Socialist Revolution. Now the neo-communists claim that their (the founders of communism in India) affirmed aim while forming the party was to fight for national independence and a future of socialism. Let us praise their Gods Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels! Amen!

   Like the incredibly growing Indian population, the ‘educated illiterate’ is a fast growing species here. They are awfully ignorant and unconcerned in anything, totally dumb and deaf and non-reactive in social issues. When we look at the present day communists and their ideology from the view point of an ‘educated illiterate’, he will rapidly arrive at the conclusion that Communism is the curse of India.

   Now three states namely West Bengal, Tripura and Kerala are ruled by communists. There is no harm to adopt an imported ideology. However, it should be followed and practiced suitable to the conditions, needs, hopes, expectations, morality, pluralistic-culture, ethics and future of India. Our needs are different, our people are different, our languages are different, our weather and geographical conditions are different, our resources are different at different regions and our work conditions and opportunities are different. We have to look into all these aspects and factors and intensely study them at different perspectives before wedding and following a new ideology. Inspired by the novelty and thrill, a few young people were attracted to a ‘foreign’ element factor and victory of October Revolution akin to the natural attraction of a youth towards opposite sex. It is an unarguably proved fact that anywhere in the world at any given time you will get some people readily as followers for any good and bad ideology or action.

   Let us approach Communism in India with an Indian perspective and Indian philosophy. The communists are preaching total socialism, which in reality is definitely a Utopian dream and impractical theory, with the trapeze play of capitalism, class, workers, people’s consciousness of the conditions of their lives that reflects material conditions and relations, an understanding of material conditions and social relations as historically malleable, view of history according to which class struggle, the evolving conflict between classes with opposing interests etc. etc.

  Many of a communist leaders and so-called ‘think tank intellectuals’ are big capitalists and they accumulated wealth amassing their known source of means and income. According to the lead story carried by The Verdict news weekly, March 2- 8, 2008 issue, written by Muraleedharan Raghavan, “the workers of the ruling party (in Kerala) are started murmuring about the negative performances of some of the ministers in the government” and “most of the ministers in the LDF government in Kerala (most of them from CPI (M)) are involved in a scam. The government secretariat is busy and the employees are fed up with preparing affidavits and collecting supporting documents to submit in the courts, it is learnt.” It is recommended to read this together with the Kerala CPI (M) general secretary Pinarayi Vijayan’s wealth, his alleged association with ‘land mafia’ people and Pharis Abubaker.

   The Communist Party of India split due to its rather passive manner, thereby forming a second faction known as the CPI (M) -- the Communist Party of India (Marxists) -- at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from October 31 to November 7, 1964. The CPI (M) called for a large scale revolt of workers. These people, mostly members of the lower castes and agricultural workers, were negatively affected by the elites trying to gain national power through capitalism by increasing India's industrial strength. The other group hurt by capitalism were the landlords and peasants with the breakdown of feudal society.

   It is a pity that even after 44 years and despite tall claims by its high profile leaders, CPI (M) can not attain a membership of 10,00,000 from a population of 110,00,00,000. According to the official confirmation by CPI (M), it had a membership of only 9,76,622 in 2007. So what influence and importance CPI (M) has among Indians? The other faction, CPI, has lesser membership than CPI (M). Altogether the members from both parties are less than 15 lakh people.

  The Left parties want to look at Russia, China, Poland, North Korea, Laos, Vietnam or Cuba to study the problems, challenges and situations faced by Indians in India. They compare India with foreign countries to find out solutions or suggest remedies for Indian issues and realities. Their criterion is foreign, impractical, non-relevant and hence anti-national, anti-growth oriented and anti-people. In this sense they are not real nationalists. They deliberately refusing to see and accept the changes in Russia, China and other former communist countries. When the new technology of computer came to India years back, they blindly opposed computerisation. In short, if communists object anything sturdily then it could be considered without any second opinion or argument that the same is as most wanted, people friendly and best for national interests.


   The main cause of the failure of the communist movement in India is that no one encouraged the joining of the peasant castes, the landowners and the middle class proletariat into one large revolutionary group. There was no genuine national spirit existed amongst them. The main concern of the communist movement was of a socio-economic nature for each individual group of people –- not for the good of the working man in general.

   In general view of communists, worker means factory worker or agricultural worker only. This is a rigid, narrow-minded, limited, inhuman and theory-sake interpretation. Many communist supporters knew nothing about Marx and Engels, they were simply using communist movement to show their economic frustration. This failure to unite and create a new national identity is what led to the failure of the communist movement in India. Are you hearing, Indian communist pundits?

   While preaching secularism loudly, present day leaders practise communism with communalism and playing cleverly caste and religion cards. Now this is the hall mark of communism also. Mismanagement of capital, slaughter of worker potential and hollowness of theory--thy name is Indian communism! A classical example, taking over of Kamani Industries Limited, Bombay, from the owners without paying anything by communist union workers and their miserable failure to run it and eventually closing down the factory.


   It is alleged that the communist leaders are sitting in a fools’ paradise without understanding the ground realities and the changing world. They want only welfare from the state at others’ cost and productivity. The communist trade unions in Kerala are a fine example. Kerala is the only place in the world where a communist trade union worker can earn pretty good for an excellent livelihood without doing any work. For example, if someone brought some household materials or building materials in a three-wheeler or in a small four-wheeler immediately the so-called ‘basic working class’ people will come and demand a hefty sum as unloading charges. If the owner prefers to unload it by himself or by his relatives, they will abuse the poor fellow calling as ‘the rogue capitalist’ and without doing the unloading work, the CITU workers will shamelessly demand wages and by militancy, bullying, abuse and threat they will force the poor man to comply with their demand.  Here the victim is the ‘rogue capitalist’ and the beneficiary is the ‘basic working class’ CITU member! Many earn stupendous money without any virtual physical work and lavishly spend in bars, for vice pleasures and for unwanted shopping. The common man is the victim of communist workers’ ‘politically shielded extortion’. Is it communism?

   Handling Nandigram problem by West Bengal communist government is a shining and living example of Marxist capitalism. Another hypocrisy of communists is throwing out world renowned writer Thaslima Nasreen from Kolkata.

  It is the double standard of communists not supporting the Nuclear cooperating Agreement with the U.S.A. India wants badly nuclear power to supplement our power requirements. According to eminent nuclear scientists, experts, thinkers, political observers, intellectuals, economists, editors, journalists and political leaders, in the present scenario, bilateral 123 agreement for civilian nuclear cooperation to be signed with the U.S.A. without compromising the sovereignty, secularism of India and safety and security of Indians.  But, communists are delaying and stretching out the deal.

  David Frossard describes that Kerala, a thriving capitalist trade centre as well as one of the poorest areas of India, a "bold social experiment" because it is the first ever democratically elected Marxist government in the world. Kerala occupies only 1.2% of India's land area, yet it has 3.4% of India's population. The CPI was unsuccessful in uniting the castes in most of India, hence the failure of the movement.

 The judgement of Kerala High Court on 11th March, 2008, in the wake of Kannur ‘bloodshed’ and deaths of seven people, observed “manslaughter in Kannur, especially in Thalasseri, is a compelling sport” and suggested permanent deployment of Central forces. Justice V. Ramkumar expressed the hope that there will be a gubernatorial move to apprise the Central government of the urgent need for permanent ‘prophylactic’ action to curb further bloodshed and killings in Kannur. The judge also came down heavily against the “cult of violence”. The judgement also cited, “It is a shame that even if it is for survival, police are pandering to the vicious instincts of influential politicians by shielding from punishment those who are really guilty.” There are reported instances of peoples’ representatives from a particular party coming to police station to rescue their “party criminals” from the police lock-ups, the court said. The court added, “If reports are to be believed, Kannur district, particularly Thalasseri, has over the years become a hotbed of political violence and carnage of the worst order.” Thanks to the inexperienced bunch of ministers in the present Kerala cabinet and the lethargy of LDF.

 All in all, it is observed that an ‘educated illiterate’ wants to denounce the communists and the malady of communism in India. He is dreaming let the communists rise towards the occasions and needs of our great nation.