The Two Nations theory was never valid as there were never two Nations in India
Satbir Singh Bedi | 23 Aug 2013

Muslims and Hindus of India never formed two Nations. 
Actually, it was a class struggle which was given a
communal colour.  Muslims were mostly agriculturists
in Punjab and Bangal and Hindus and Sikhs were
moneylenders and landlords who exploited the Muslims. 
Moreover, Hindus and Sikhs kept separate utensils for
entertaining their Muslim friends and acquaintances as
if Muslims were untouchables.  Jinnah exploited the
resentment generated in the Muslims due to such
treatment and propounded his two nations theory and
asked for the partition of the country on communal
basis.  Gandhi was against the partition and asked
Jinnah to be the Prime Minister of the country but
Jawahar Lal Nehru opposed it saying that it would lead
to a revolt by Hindus.  So, partition did take place
but that did not make the two Nations theory valid. 
Actually, Muslims were not a Nation.  Had Muslims been
a Nation, Bangladesh would have never separated from
Pakistan?  Moreover, in the case of Muslims being a
separate Nation, they would have lived in a single
country in the world but such is not the case.  There
are various nationalities amongst the Muslims.  There
are Turkish Muslims, Iraqi Muslims, Iranian Muslims,
Pakistani Muslims, Bangladeshi Muslims, Indonesian
Muslims and even Indian Muslims.  This clearly means
that there were never two Nations, Muslim and Hindu in
India and it was only a class struggle that was given
a communal colouration by certain leaders of Muslims
in India.
Now, this class struggle on communal pattern is over. 
No separate utensils are kept for Muslims by Hindus
and Sikhs and very few money lenders are there because
of the banks and other financial institutions.  So, we
should discard this two Nations theory and agree to a
confederation of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. 
So far as Muslims are concerned, they must remember what has been stated in the following verse of the Holy Quran: And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book (this Qur'an) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Mohayminan (trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures) . So judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging away from the truth that has come to you. To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way. If Allah willed, He would have made you one nation (in one religion), but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allah; then He will inform you about that in which you used to differ. (Qur’an 5.48). So, Muslims must understand that God has made us into various races, nations, tribes, etc. and we must live with each other in peace and harmony.