TOWARDS THE EMPOWERMENT OF INDIAN WOMEN
Throughout history and in many socities, including India, gender-inequality was a part and parcel of an accepted male-dominated culture. Atrocities and discrimination are the two major problem which the Indian women face in the present day society. The traditional mentalities of India assume that the place of women is mainly concentrated to the house-hold activities like kitchen work and up bringing of the children. They have been considered as the sex object and the inferior to the men in the different spheres of the knowledge. The ‘Sati Pratha’ , ‘Parda System’, ‘Child Marriage’ , ‘Dowry System’, etc have been some form of atrocities and discriminatory attitudes towards the women.
Even after the sixty years of Indian independence, women are still one of the most powerless and marginalized sections of Indian societies.
India has an elaborate laws to protect the rights of women, including the Prevention of Immoral Traffic, the Sati (widow burning) Act, and the Dowry Prevention Act. Women and children have figured prominently in the government’s agenda of social reforms and initiatives.
However the Government is often unable to enforce these laws, especially in rural areas where traditions are deeply rooted. Dowry, Female bondage, and forced Prostitution are wide spread in some parts of India.
In the words of Jawaharlal Nehru - “ You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women.”
Parmeshwari Kumari (widow) of 41 years, starts her day at 6 in the morning when she leaves her home to clean the utensils, wash the clothes of other people and brooming at their homes. She got married at that age, usually when children love to play. Her parents tied her life’s knote in the age of 16. And in the age of 17, she felt the feeling of a ‘mummy’. She was used as a sex object by her husband and was beaten many times by her in-laws, for not bringing the sufficient dowry. Her husband died early as he was alcoholic and her in-laws thrown her out of the home as we throw the old inferior materials from our homes.
“However much a mother may love her children, it is all but impossible for her to provide high-quality child care if she herself is poor and oppressed, illiterate and uninformed, anaemic and unhealthy, has five or six other children, lives in a slum or shanty, has neither clean water nor safe sanitation, and if she is without the necessary support either from health services, or from her society, or from the father of her children.”
But she made it possible even she was alone without any support from her family, her own family the person who gave birth to her was not even in favour of her.
She is working in my home from the last 7 years and always treated us as her own children. Whenever my mom is not present at home, she cooks for us.
Today she is having three children : two sons and a daughter. Elder son is a CA (Charted Accountant) and the second one is pursuing MBBS. Her daughter is in school. She got happiness from her children that she has not receiving from her husband , her in-laws.
While talking to her I was overwhelmed as she feel today on the top of the world. she has done that no one could even think to do in his or her life.