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Tribal masses development;NABARD SANCTIONS 6 DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN WEST BENGAL
GAYATRI ARORA | 24 Jan 2011

The total assistance sanctioned under these projects amounts to Rs 12.61 crore, including a grant assistance of Rs 11.49 crore and a loan component of Rs 1.12 crore, according to a press statement issued by Nabard.

I READ this article from hindu dated on 15-nov-2o10 edition online.....that NABARD Sanctions development projects in west bengal...National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Nabard) has sanctioned six tribal development programmes under the Wadi project, benefiting 2,800 tribal families with sustainable livelihood activities in West Bengal.
 
The total assistance sanctioned under these projects amounts to Rs 12.61 crore, including a grant assistance of Rs 11.49 crore and a loan component of Rs 1.12 crore, according to a press statement issued by Nabard.
 
With this, the cumulative sanctions under the programme in the State stands at Rs 33.73 crore of grant assistance and Rs 2.25 crore of loan assistance covering 14 projects in seven districts covering 8,566 tribal families.
 
Target coverage
 
The target coverage under this project will be the socio-economically weak and vulnerable tribal families in Bankura, Birbhum, Darjeeling and Coochbehar districts.
Wadi is a holistic model of tribal development aimed at economic uplift through sustainable agriculture, social empowerment, and improvement in quality of life including health and women empowerment, in tribal predominant areas of the country. Based on the successful experience of the Wadi approach in Gujarat, Nabard embarked upon an ambitious programme of replicating the model across the country.
 
"The scope of Tribal Development Fund (TDF) projects has been broad-based now with the adoption of "beyond Wadi" approaches, which include livelihood activities based on traditional arts and crafts or agro- and forest-based activities for illiterate or semi-literate groups and projects harnessing the core competencies of the potential tribes such as organic cultivation, indigenous knowledge especially regarding medicinal plants and preparation of medicines, collection, extraction and usage of natural dyes among others," the release said.
 
Specific activities
 
In West Bengal, location-specific activities were identified in consultation with the participant tribal families and these include development of horticulture gardens with mango, cashew, lime, guava and areca nut; piggery, goat farming and bee keeping.
 
"For the first time, total organic farming with organic certification by an accredited agency is being contemplated in Darjeeling where cultivation of fruit crops such as orange, peach, plum and vegetables will be taken up under Wadi project. This will facilitate branding and marketing the produce as organic both in the domestic and international markets in the long run," the release added.
 
The financial assistance for the projects is provided from TDF set up by Nabard out of its profits, exclusively for the purpose. The initial corpus of TDF was about Rs 50 crore during 2003-04, which has been increased to Rs 575 core as at the end of March 2009.
 
At national level, Nabard has so far sanctioned 159 tribal development projects targeting development of 1.30 lakh tribal families with

ANALYSIS:-

The Scheduled Tribes (STs) according to the 1991 Census account for 67.76 millions representing 8.08 per cent of the country's population. They are spread across the country mainly in the forest and hilly regions. More than 70 per cent of the ST population is concentrated in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Gujarat. The essential characteristics of these communities are primitive traits, geographical isolation, distinctive culture, shyness of contact with communiies at large and backwardness.

In the light of the above approach, it was decided that tribal majority States like Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and U.Ts. of Lakshadweep and Dadra & Nagar Haveli may not need a Tribal sub-Plan, as the entire plan of these States/Union Territories was primarily meant for the S.T. population constitutioning the majority.
 
For the second category of States and Union Territories, tribal sub-Plan approach was adopted after delineating areas of tribal concentration. A similar approach was also adopted in case of States and Union Territories having dispersed tribal population by paying special attention to pockets of tribal concentrations, keeping in view their tenor of dispersal.
 
To look after the tribal population coming within the new tribal sub-Plan strategy in a coordinated manner, Integrated Tribal Development Projects ere conceived during Fifth Five Year Plan and these have been continued since them. During the Sixth Plan, Modified Area Development Approach (MADA) was adopted to cover smaller areas of tribal concentration and during the Seventh Plan, the TSP strategy was extended further to cover even more smaller areas of tribal concentration and thus cluster of tribal concentration were identified.

#At the time of delineation of project areas under the Tribal sub-Plan strategy, it was observed that the ITDPs/ITDAs are not co-terminus. Areas declared under Fifth Schedule of the Constitution. The Scheduled Areas as per the Constitutional orders have been declared in eight States viz A.P., Bihar, Gujarat, H.P., Maharashtra, M.P., Orissa and Rajasthan, As per the provisions contained in the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution, various enactment in the forms of Acts and Regulations have been promulgated in the above states for the welfare of scheduled tribes and their protection from exploitation.
 
Since TSP strategy also has twin objectives namely Socio-economic development of Schedule tribes and protection of tribal against exploitation, the Govt. of India in Aug., 1976 had decided to make the boundaries of Scheduled Areas co-terminus with TSP areas (ITDP/ITDA only) so that the protective measure available to Sch. Tribes in Sch. Areas could be uniformly applied to TSP areas for effective implementation of the development programmes in these areas.
 
Accordingly, the TSP areas have been made co-terminus with Sch. Areas in the State of Bihar, Gujarat, H.P., Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan. The State of A.P. where the TSP areas are not co-terminus with sch. Areas has also furnished a proposal to this effect which is under examination.