Reason behind rise in voting percentage in 2014: Anti-incumbency or something else?
So far voting has been completed for around 200 Lok Sabha seats. The important thing to be noted is that in Lok Sabha elections 2014, the voting percentage has gone up by 10 per cent, on an average, when compared to 2009 elections. Be it Delhi, Haryana, UP or Southern Indian states, rise in voting percentage has been observed from across the country.
Here is the comparative data of voting in 2009 and 2014 Lok Sabha elections:
The national capital records an impressive poll percentage of 64 per cent in 2014, whereas the 2009 poll percentage was 51.85 per cent, i.e. 12 per cent rise.
Around 61 per cent voting has been recorded in Karnataka in 2014. It is 14 per cent higher than the 2009 elections.
The total voter turn-out in Odisha is 74 per cent in 2014 against 65.3 per cent polling in last general elections in 2009, which shows a 9.7 per cent rise.
In Western Uttar Pradesh 65 per cent voting was recorded in 2014. This region saw a 14 per cent rise from 51.30 per cent in 2009 Lok Sabha polls.
The rise of on an average 10 per cent reflects a positive thing that people are getting aware about the value of their votes. Is their anything else that is prompting people to come out and cast their votes?
Shailender Mahajan, Director of C-Voter, an election surveying agency says that rise in voting is due to 'anti-incumbency' factor and is a negative sign for the present government.
"The increase in voting is due to 'anti-incumbency' factor, which means the people are angry with the current government and they need a change now. That is the reason behind the increase in the huge voter turnout," said Mahajan.
Dr. Purushottam Aggarwal, a political analyst and visiting senior fellow at CSDS, feels that the increase in voting percentage is due to the increased participation from the young voters, that happened because of the campaigns done by social media and the Election Commission of India.
He also added, "Some segments of voters are feeling, as it is their stake or political representation in the politics and it is also the increased interest of illiterates and rural population of the country to exercise their stake in the democracy or the political process."
In 2009 elections, the voting age population was 73.8 crores, total electorate was 41.7 crores and the polling percentage was 58.17 per cent. Whereas in 2014 the voting age population is 81.6 crores and the people on voting list are 57.12 crores and the expected polling percentage is 70 per cent.