Below normal monsoon in offering: What should farmers do?
India Meteorological Department (IMD) in its first long period forecast for this year has predicted a below normal monsoon. IMD said there was a 56% probability of below normal to deficient rains, as compared to a 44% chance of rains being normal or better.
There was a 60% chance of an El Nino - a periodic warming of sea temperatures in some parts of equatorial Pacific that often dampens the critically important summer monsoon in India, the IMD added.
If the prediction goes real, then what will be its impact on Indian agriculture sector? Noted food policy expert Devinder Sharma said, "Yes off course it will impact, but not because of less production, rather market will take its advantage. There will be hoarding of farm products in a bid gain high profit, which is a common thing India has been witnessing."
Sharma added that if the monsoon happens to be below normal it will impact farmers and they will suffer a lot losing their harvest because of drought.
Whether it is high rain, flood or drought, only farmers suffer and the government must inform them about these issues and suggest them to farm according the weather forecast, he explains putting a soft eye on Indian farmers who really feed the entire population of the country.
In his other suggestions, Sharma says, "Major thing is that in India during monsoon rice is cultivated more and it is the season of rice farming. When the IMD has already predicted below normal monsoon the government should inform and influence farmers to use System of Rice Intensification (SRI) to get rid of water scarcity."
This system uses 30% less water than the traditional one. More than this the government must take care of irrigation facilitating electricity and other water resources like well, tube-well etc, added Sharma